C&M Health Law

C&M Health Law

Analysis, commentary, and the latest developments in health care law and policy

Troy A. Barsky

Troy A. Barsky

Troy Barsky is a partner in Crowell & Moring’s Washington, D.C. office and a member of the firm’s Health Care Group, where he focuses on health care fraud and abuse, and Medicare and Medicaid law and policy. Troy counsels all types of health care entities, including hospitals, group practices, and health plans on the physician self-referral law (Stark Law) and the Anti-Kickback Statute, innovative healthcare delivery models, such as Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs), and Medicare & Medicaid payment and coverage policy. He also defends clients seeking resolution of government health care program overpayment issues or fraud and abuse matters through self-disclosures and negotiated settlements with the U.S. Department of Justice, U.S. Health & Human Services Office of the Inspector General and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS).

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CMS Delays Implementation of Episode Payment Models (EPMs)

Posted in Medicare
In an Interim Final Rule with Comment Period (IFC) published on March 21, 2017, CMS provided that implementation of the EPMs for cardiac and orthopedic care improvement, the cardiac rehabilitation incentive payment model, and the changes to the Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement (CJR) model would be delayed from July 1, 2017 to October 1, 2017. The… Continue Reading

OIG Issues Advisory Opinion Rejecting the Labeling of Test Tubes at No Cost

Posted in Fraud, Waste & Abuse, Medicare
On November 28, 2016, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Inspector General (OIG) issued an unfavorable advisory opinion (No. 16-12) that addresses the permissibility, under the federal Anti-Kickback Statute (AKS), of a laboratory’s proposal to label test tubes and collect specimen containers at no cost to, and for the benefit… Continue Reading

CMS Publishes Interim Final Rule to Address Third-Party Payment of Insurance Premiums by Medicare-certified Dialysis Providers

Posted in Exchanges, Fraud, Waste & Abuse, Health Care Reform & ACA, Medicaid, Medicare
On December 14, 2016, CMS issued an interim final rule with comment period to amend Medicare’s dialysis facility conditions for coverage to require certain disclosures to patients and health insurance issuers to address widespread concerns over inappropriate steerage of dialysis patients to individual market plans. After issuing an RFI about “inappropriate steering of people eligible… Continue Reading

CMS Renews Focus on Third-Party Payment of Insurance Premiums Steering Medicaid & Medicare Eligibles into Marketplace Plans

Posted in Exchanges, Fraud, Waste & Abuse, Health Care Reform & ACA, Medicaid, Medicare
On August 18, 2016, CMS issued a request for information on “inappropriate steering of people eligible for Medicare or Medicaid into Marketplace plans” by third parties. CMS voiced concern over “anecdotal reports” that Medicaid or Medicare eligibles received premium and cost-sharing assistance from third parties so they could enroll in Marketplace plans, enabling providers to… Continue Reading

Medicaid Managed Care Final Rule: Prevention of Fraud, Waste, and Abuse

Posted in Fraud, Waste & Abuse, Medicaid
The Medicaid Managed Care Final Rule aims to align Medicaid regulations with those of other health coverage programs, modernizing the post-Affordable Care Act healthcare landscape. Among other goals, the Final Rule seeks to bolster the transparency, accountability, and integrity of Medicaid managed care by imposing and clarifying requirements meant to reduce fraud, waste, and abuse.… Continue Reading

In Advance of Senate Finance Committee Hearing on Stark Law Next Week, the Committee Releases Stark Law White Paper

Posted in Events, Fraud, Waste & Abuse, Medicaid, Medicare
On Tuesday July 12, 2016, the Senate Finance Committee (“Committee”) will hold a hearing on “Examining the Stark Law: Current Issues and Opportunities.” Crowell & Moring Partner Troy Barsky will be testifying before the Committee as a Stark Law subject matter authority. In advance of this hearing, the Committee released last week the white paper… Continue Reading

OIG Updates Policy on Permissive Exclusions Based On Fraud and Kickbacks

Posted in Administrative Law, Fraud, Waste & Abuse, Medicare
The Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Health and Human Services (OIG) last week replaced a 20-year old policy statement, and issued guidance on the criteria the agency will use to evaluate whether to exclude certain individuals and entities from billing or “participation in” Federal health programs under its permissive exclusion authority.… Continue Reading

IRS Denies Tax-Exempt Status to Non-MSSP ACO

Posted in Health Care Reform & ACA, Tax
On April 8, 2016, the IRS released a private letter ruling denying tax-exempt status under Code section 501(c)(3) to an accountable care organization (“ACO”) that was not participating in the Medicare Shared Savings Program (“MSSP”).  PLR 201615022 (the “2016 PLR”) is the IRS’s first public written guidance on the tax-exempt status of ACO activities since… Continue Reading

Next Generation ACO Model Enters its Second & Final Application Cycle

Posted in Health Care Reform & ACA
This month, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) announced the beginning of the second application cycle for its Next Generation ACO Model (Next Gen Model).  We discussed the goals of the Next Gen Model and how it compares to the Medicare Shared Savings Program and Pioneer ACO models in this post from last… Continue Reading

CMS Proposes New ACO Performance Measures

Posted in Health Care Reform & ACA, Medicare
On January 28, 2016, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) issued a proposed rule that would change the methodology used to evaluate and adjust the performance of Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP) Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs). The proposed rule is intended to improve long-term incentives for ACOs and create a path for long-term… Continue Reading

$9.9 Million Settlement To Resolve Allegations That Hospital System Overpaid Physicians Approved by Georgia Federal Court

Posted in Fraud, Waste & Abuse
On February 8, 2016, the United States District Court in the Southern District of Georgia approved the settlement agreement ending a whistleblower lawsuit initiated on March 9, 2011 against Memorial Health University Medical Center (“Memorial Medical Center”) and three affiliated entities in a case that highlights the Department of Justice’s (“DOJ”) vigorous scrutiny of physician… Continue Reading

South Florida Hospital System Settles Stark Allegations for $69.5 Million

Posted in Fraud, Waste & Abuse
On September 15, 2015, the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) announced the settlement of a qui tam action in the amount of $69.5 million with North Broward Hospital District (NBHD). The amount is a small fraction of the $442 million in treble damages to the Medicare and Medicaid programs alleged in the Third Amended Complaint.… Continue Reading

DOJ’s Memo on Individual Accountability Tears at the Corporate Veil

Posted in Fraud, Waste & Abuse, Litigation
The Department of Justice (DOJ) has further focused its sights on individual executives as responsible parties for corporate misconduct.  On September 9, 2015, Deputy Attorney General Sally Quillian Yates issued a strongly worded seven-page memorandum to all U.S. Attorneys and the Assistant Attorneys General of DOJ’s various divisions nationwide titled “Individual Accountability for Corporate Wrongdoing”… Continue Reading

CMS Proposes To Modify “Two-Midnight Benchmark” To Broaden Exceptions for Part A Payments for Short Inpatient Stays

Posted in Fraud, Waste & Abuse, Medicare
On July 8, 2015, CMS issued proposed regulations that would modify the “two-midnight rule” that governs payments by Medicare Part A for short inpatient hospital stays.  The proposed changes are contained in the CY 2016 proposed regulations for the Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System (OPPS).  Stakeholders may submit comments on the proposal by August 31,… Continue Reading

Previewing the Final Rule Implementing Changes to Medicare Shared Savings Program

Posted in Health Care Reform & ACA, Medicare
After much anticipation over the past few weeks, the Federal Register from Tuesday, June 9th contains the Final Rule proposing changes to the Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP) from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). The finalized changes to the MSSP provide additional flexibility and choice to Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) currently participating… Continue Reading

OIG Teams Up With Private Sector to Provide Guidance to Health Care Governing Boards

Posted in Fraud, Waste & Abuse
The role of a health care entity’s governing board in the implementation and oversight of a compliance program is not always clear. Although board members are not often directly involved in care delivery, the Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of the Inspector General (OIG) views the governing board as integral to setting the… Continue Reading

Next Generation ACO Model Sets Tone for CMS’s Push Toward Value-Based Payment

Posted in Health Care Reform & ACA
Through the announcement of its new “Next Generation ACO Model” (Next Gen Model) program on March 10, 2015, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services is making good on its recently proclaimed goal to tie half of its fee-for-service Medicare payments to value-based payment methodologies by the end of 2018. The program name aptly describes… Continue Reading

Federal Funds, States, and Health Care Reform: Innovation and Opportunity in 2015

Posted in Health Care Reform & ACA
States are on the front lines of health reform. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) acknowledged this by authorizing several grant programs for states to promote its implementation in addition to the many programs that already existed. Recently, the Department of Health and Human Services has awarded hundreds of millions of dollars in grants to states,… Continue Reading

OMB Reviewing Regulations on Third-Party Payments to QHPs

Posted in Exchanges, Health Care Reform & ACA
An interim final rule addressing third-party premium payments to qualified health plans is under regulatory review at the Office of Management and Budget, according to an online posting on that agency’s website on March 4, 2014. Both providers and payors have anxiously watched for clarifications in this area following a series of conflicting statements from… Continue Reading

Landmark False Claims Act Judgment: What Hospitals and Healthcare Providers Should Know

Posted in Fraud, Waste & Abuse, Litigation
On October 2, 2013, the federal district court in Columbia, South Carolina imposed a landmark $237 million judgment in a much-discussed False Claims Act case which was predicated on violations of the Physician Self-Referral (Stark) Law, U.S. ex rel. Drakeford v. Tuomey Healthcare System, Inc.1 The case was originally filed as a qui tam case… Continue Reading