This week CMS continued its rapid response—average approval takes less than a week—to review and approve Social Security Act Section 1115(c) Appendix K and Section 1135 waivers to facilitate state Medicaid programs’ efforts to address the COVID-19 pandemic. CMS approved waiver applications from Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Wyoming. As-of this posting, 34 states have sought and received waivers allowing increased flexibility to cope with COVID-19. Many of the waivers temporarily lift prior authorization requirements, permit use of alternative care settings and ease provider enrollment requirements to facilitate beneficiaries’ access to care, and relax timelines for fair hearings and other requirements. CMS is posting the waiver approval letters here.
New York State is now considered the nation’s epicenter of the coronavirus outbreak, far surpassing all other states in confirmed COVID-19 cases. Managed long-term care plans (“MLTCPs”) and other Medicaid managed care organizations (“MCOs”) are facing unprecedented financial and other challenges addressing the care needs of their members as COVID-19 continues to ravage more and more New Yorkers. Earlier this week, the New York State Department of Health (“DOH”) acted to secure regulatory relief from the federal government for MLTCPs and MCOs as well as Programs of All-Inclusive Care to the Elderly (“PACE”) Organizations from the growing financial stress brought about by the coronavirus outbreak.
In recognition of the challenges faced by health care providers and payors alike, on March 13, 2020, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, invoking Section 1135 of the Social Security Act authorized the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (“CMS”) to waive application of certain federal laws to ensure that sufficient health care items and services are available to meet the needs of Medicaid patients and plan members during the coronavirus public health emergency. On March 23, 2020, DOH requested additional waivers from federal regulations under Section 1135 that impact among others, MCOs and MLTCPs, including:
Continue Reading New York State Department of Health Seeks Additional 1135 Waivers From CMS To Alleviate Strain On Medicaid Managed Long-Term Care Plans and Other MCOs As Well As PACE Organizations Amidst Coronavirus Outbreak
In part two of this two-part series on what providers should know about COVID-19, hosts Payal Nanavati and Joe Records talk with Brian McGovern about guidance from state and federal health care regulators. This episode touches on how state agencies, CMS, CDC, and other regulatory bodies have instructed providers—especially nursing homes—on how to handle this pandemic.
If you missed it, check out Part 1 of this series, released on March 26, when we spoke with Eric Su about the labor and employment issues facing providers during the outbreak.
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Payers, Providers, and Patients – Oh My! Is Crowell & Moring’s health care podcast, discussing legal and regulatory issues that affect health care entities’ in-house counsel, executives, and investors. In part one of this two-part series on what providers should know about COVID-19, hosts Payal Nanavati and Joe Records discuss labor and employment issues with Eric Su. This episode touches on long term care and other health care providers’ obligations as employers and some best practices for handling this pandemic.
Stay tuned for tomorrow’s release of Part 2 with Brian McGovern on Federal and State Guidance.
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On March 23, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) approved Section 1135 waiver requests submitted by the California Department of Health Care Services (DHCS) as part of its response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The waiver requests were submitted by DHCS on March 16 and March 19, 2020.
As discussed in a previous blog post, Section 1135 authorizes the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to waive federal Medicare, Medicaid, and Children’s Health Insurance Program requirements in order to respond to a public health or national emergency. As of March 24, CMS had approved Section 1135 waivers related to the COVID-19 pandemic from 13 different states.
With the approval granted by CMS, DHCS is permitted to take the following actions in regards to its Medicaid program (Medi-Cal), effective retroactively to March 1 and to extend until the end of the public health emergency:
On March 23, 2020 CMS approved 11 more Section 1135 state Medicaid waiver requests for the following states: Alabama, Arizona, California, Illinois, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, and Virginia. As with the prior waivers, CMS approved the requests in a handful of days from receiving them. The CMS press release on these waiver approvals is available here. For more discussions of Section 1135 waivers, see our prior coverage here.
Many states are looking to adapt their Medicaid programs to address new challenges related to COVID-19, including by increasing coverage and protection for Medicaid enrollees. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has issued guidance on the types of measures that states can take to change their Medicaid programs.
In an FAQ addressed to state Medicaid and Children’s Health Insurance Program agencies, CMS addressed questions from states, saying that states may have flexibility to cover telehealth services, accelerate or relax prior authorization requirements, expand provider networks, extend Medicaid eligibility, and suspend copayments, although some of these measures may require CMS’ waiver of federal requirements or approval of changes to the state Medicaid plan.
On March 22, CMS released checklists and tools that guide Medicaid programs through the processes of seeking expedited approval of such changes and waivers, including section 1115 demonstration waivers, section 1135 waivers, Appendix K of section 1915(c) home and community-based services waivers, and disaster amendments to the state plan. In the associated press release, the Trump Administration indicated that the tools could be used by states to “access emergency administrative relief, make temporary modifications to Medicaid eligibility and benefit requirements, relax rules to ensure that individuals with disabilities and the elderly can be effectively served in their homes, and modify payment rules to support health care providers impacted by the outbreak.” CMS is providing states the options to request waivers effective retroactively to March 1.
On January 31, 2020, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar declared COVID-19 a public health emergency under Public Health Service Act Section 319. Subsequently, on March 13, 2020, President Trump declared COVID-19 a national emergency under Sections 201 and 301 of the National Emergencies Act. Doing so empowered Sec. Azar to temporarily waive or modify certain requirements for Medicare, Medicaid, and the Children’s Health Insurance program (CHIP) via Social Security Act Section 1135.
Section 1135 waivers are intended to ensure that enough health care items and services are made available to meet the needs of Medicare, Medicaid, and CHIP enrollees in an area affected by an emergency. Such waivers also may shield providers who furnish health care items or services in good faith from sanctions—absent any determination of fraud and abuse. For example, Section 1135 waivers may lift requirements that providers are licensed in the state where they are responding to the emergency if they have equivalent licensure in another state, thereby enabling the provider to be reimbursed for Medicare, Medicaid, or CHIP services. Likewise, 1135 waivers may waive Stark Law self-referral sanctions. An overview of Section 1135 waiver requirements and processes is available from CMS here.
This waiver authority is a critical component of state and federal governmental health programs’ response to emergencies such as the COVID-19 pandemic. The federal government has used this authority to:
- Lift Major Barriers to Telehealth to Help Reduce the Spread of COVID-19;
- Ease HIPAA Applicability and Enforcement to Support Healthcare Delivery During COVID-19 Public Health Emergency;
- Permit More Flexible Medicare Reimbursement of Skilled Nursing Facility Stays;
- Approve Florida’s Waiver Request regarding Provider Enrollment, Prior Authorization Requirements, Pre-Admission Screening, Allowing Use of Alternative Care Settings, and State Fair Hearing Deadlines;
- Approve Washington’s Waiver Request regarding Provider Enrollment, Prior Authorization, Pre-Admission Screening, Allowing Use of Alternative Care Settings, and State Fair Hearing Deadlines; and
CMS’s current emergencies webpage is updated regularly with additional waiver requests and grants and includes a fact sheet on the emergency declaration. As one would expect given the emergency, CMS is acting swiftly to review and approve state waiver requests. For example, Florida’s request was approved within three days and Washington’s within four. Some states, such as Arizona, have submitted requests for both an 1135 waiver and 1115 waiver to address COVID-19. We expect more waiver requests in the coming weeks as states and the federal government continue to explore solutions to the challenges of COVID-19.
Payers, Providers, and Patients – Oh My! Is Crowell & Moring’s health care podcast, discussing legal and regulatory issues that affect health care entities’ in-house counsel, executives, and investors. In this episode, hosts Payal Nanavati and Joe Records sit down with Xavier Baker and Kevin Kroeker to discuss medical loss ratio requirements. The first episode provided background on what an MLR is and some of the history of MLR requirements, among other things. This episode touches on how the MLR is determined for plans and some of the compliance risks that can arise under MLR requirements.
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Last week, the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) finalized long-awaited regulations on Interoperability and Patient Access (the “CMS Rule”) to require Medicare Advantage plans, Medicaid and Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) managed care plans, state agencies, and Qualified Health Plan (QHP) issuers on federally-facilitated exchanges (“CMS Payers”) to provide patients easy access to their claims and encounter information, as well as certain clinical information, through third-party applications of their choice. On the same day, the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology finalized its rules on Interoperability, Information Blocking, and the ONC Health IT Certification Program (the “ONC Rule”) related to the 21st Century Cures Act (Cures Act). The CMS Rule and ONC Rule have far-reaching impacts.
As individuals and organizations covered by the rules are considering how they may facilitate their access to health information to support patients, health care providers, and others, it is important to understand when provisions in the rules will be effective and timing and what acts may constitute violations of these rules. To help clients get familiar with these deadlines, we are providing this summary chart of compliance requirements and applicable deadlines to help your organization prepare for upcoming enforcement of the ONC Rule and the CMS Rule. For legal advice tailored to the specific needs of your organization, please reach out to Jodi Daniel, head of the firm’s Digital Health Practice at firstname.lastname@example.org.
As you read the chart, you should keep the following in mind: